Why is nobody in the course of the lead as much as COP26 speaking about the large ‘cow’ within the room, industrialised animal agriculture and its enormous destructive affect on the climate and planetary well being as a result of it’s a main reason behind GHG manufacturing, climate change, rainforest destruction, biodiversity loss ,land and water air pollution and of large persistent illnesses in people? Doug White, US Virgin Islands, Eastern Caribbean
Damian Carrington replies: The difficulty of sustainable land use is a part of the COP26 programme, however will not be a key a part of the negotiations between the 196 nations to spice up cuts in emissions. I feel that’s for 2 causes. The hyperlink between fossil gasoline emissions and international heating has been intensely studied for many years resulting in motion in rolling out low-carbon vitality and automobiles. The strong science linking methane from cattle and different emissions from farming and meals to climate has arrived extra not too long ago, that means motion has been a lot slower. The second motive is that folks’s diets are very private and a tough space for politicians to step into. But there’s no doubt red meat eating in rich nations will have to fall considerably to beat the climate disaster, so I count on this to be a problem of rising prominence. I feel the rise of plant-based alternatives to meat, and the potential for cultured meat, will probably be necessary in shifting giant numbers of individuals away from meat.
With regard to the financing of climate change mitigation within the UK the Chancellor says that he’s reluctant to impose a burden on future generations by borrowing to create the finance. Given that no such doubt was raised by him over the 400bn of Covid spend, do you suppose this evidences that he fails to see climate breakdown as an emergency or disaster? In truth has anybody heard both the E or C phrase cross his or different ministers’ lips? Paul Scholes, 67, Teignmouth, UK
Hannah Martin replies: We have to keep in mind that emissions don’t reply to targets. Emissions solely reply to coverage and the finance wanted to make that coverage a actuality. With the Comprehensive Spending evaluation arising this week there are a number of experiences within the press that Rishi Sunak and the Treasury are attempting to appease the climate delayers within the Conservative get together by resisting calls to speculate correctly and totally within the inexperienced economic system and within the transition. This is extraordinarily brief sighted and reveals an absence of actual consciousness from the Chancellor to each the alternatives of the transition and the dangers of delay. We may very well be investing in a Green New Deal now to create hundreds of thousands of excellent inexperienced jobs, revitalise our economic system and cease climate breakdown however what we’re missing is the political will to make it occur.
Q: How is CO2 per nation measured? If we purchase vehicles or something actually say from China is the CO2 produce to supply that product counted once more us who purchased it or China who made it. My personal view is it ought to be towards us as a result of it could not have been made if we don’t purchase /order it. How would this transformation the CO2 figures per nation. Alan D Thomas, Barnstable, UK.
Professor Mary Gagen: Good query. Accurately creating emissions statements is tough however the excellent news is we’re getting higher at it, partially as a consequence of shopper stress to take action. Some industrial processes can measure how a lot greenhouse gasoline they emit very precisely however for different emissions in product chains issues get trickier.
The means we measure emissions is by way of ‘emissions scope’ classes. There are three scopes of emissions which counties and organisations are anticipated to return figures on. Scope 1 are emissions from sources that are owned, or managed, by the reporting organisation. So, for instance the emissions from a producing course of. Scope 2 emissions are these arising from the vitality an organisation buys in. What you’re referring to in your instance are often called ‘scope 3 emissions’ and they’re the toughest to maintain monitor of, pretty and precisely. Scope 3 emissions consequence from actions which aren’t owned or managed by the reporting group. One drawback is they are often the most important supply of a specific organisation’s emissions and they’re additionally the best supply of inaccuracy in emissions calculations.
Taking the instance of the automobile bought from abroad, the scope 1 and a pair of emissions may be simply calculated within the nation the place the automobile was produced. We know the way a lot emissions the manufacturing of metal creates, for instance. The scope 3 emissions (which would come with these from transporting the automobile to us) would then have to be accounted for within the nation importing the automobile. We try to get higher at scope 3 emissions calculations, though a report by EU clear transport marketing campaign group Transport and Environment discovered that the automobile trade use all potential means to attempt to circumvent emissions rules and have efficiently carried out so for many years. The best push for bettering readability will come from shoppers as we change into extra conscious of whole provide chain emissions and demand larger emissions accuracy. One factor we are able to do as a shopper is search for corporations who’re a part of a certification course of for his or her provide chain emissions, such because the Carbon Trust Standard.
What to count on from Cop? Our experts answer your questions
In a number of days time Cop26, the most important diplomatic occasion to happen in Britain for the reason that second world struggle, will probably be kicking off in Glasgow. This worldwide climate summit will probably be attended by negotiators and political leaders from around the globe, in search of to make progress on our international makes an attempt to cut back carbon emissions.
So what’s going to really occur, and what can we count on? We’ve put collectively an professional panel to answer your questions:
- Fiona Harvey, Guardian setting correspondent
- Damian Carrington, Guardian setting editor
- Professor Saleemul Huq, director of International Center for Climate Change and Development and senior affiliate International Institute for Environment & Development
- Lucy Siegle, environmental professional and writer of a number of books together with, most not too long ago, Turning the tide on plastic
- Hannah Martin, co-government director of Green New Deal UK, and organiser with Green New Deal Rising
- Professor Mary Gagen, climate scientist, Swansea University